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The Golden Red Stiphodon Goby is an extremely rare, newly-discovered species that is unquestionably one of the most colorful gobies of them all!
The Golden Red Stiphodon Goby (Stiphodon rutilaureus) is a very rare freshwater dwarf goby that is endemic to Papa New Guinea. It is known for its extended dorsal fin, horizontal black stripe, and intense neon red and blue colors. Females are not as colorful, but are still very attractively marked. This fascinating, peaceful fish is an algae and biofilm grazer that is an excellent candidate for the mature nano aquarium.
An aquarium with heavy water flow (10 to 15 times turnover per hour) and very clean, clear water is required for the Golden Red Stiphodon Goby. 5 to 10 times turnover per hour is feasible if the water is very well oxygenated. This fish is native to shallow, clear, fast-flowing waters and it is sensitive to declines in water quality, so regular aquarium maintenance is a must.
The Golden Red Stiphodon Goby is a biofilm and algae grazer in nature. It is known to usually accept frozen meaty foods, but such foods should only be fed occasionally. This fish will also sometimes accept high-quality dry foods that are rich in plant matter, but it is absolutely essential that biofilm and algae are naturally available in the aquarium to ensure its long-term health or else it may slowly starve. As long as it is kept in a well-maintained, mature aquarium with good biofilm and algae growth as well as high water flow, the Golden Red Stiphodon Goby is a hardy and entertaining fish. It will not bother aquarium plants. In fact, Anubias species are an excellent plant to keep with this goby because Anubias can foster significant biofilm/algae growth in an aquarium with moderate to high lighting.
Most small rasboras, tetras, hillstream loaches, and other small, peaceful fish are good tankmates for the Golden Red Stiphodon Goby. Due to its small size and diet, the Golden Red Stiphodon Goby can also be kept with dwarf shrimp, although it might eat a few of their fry. Dwarf shrimp are particularly good tankmates in larger aquariums where they can find areas of lower water flow. Peaceful bottom-dwelling fish are also a possibility, but care must be taken to make sure that the passive Golden Red Stiphodon Goby is not outcompeted for food. Female Golden Red Stiphodon Goby will often congregate together, even with other goby species. Males seem to be able to differentiate between females of different species during courtship behavior.
While courtship has been observed, not documented specimens of the Golden Red Stiphodon Goby have been bred in captivity. This is due to their complex larval stages. In nature, adults spawn and their fry hatch in freshwater, then they are immediately swept downstream to marine ocean waters where they feed and develop. As the fry mature, they swim great distances back to full freshwater streams, often on completely different islands than where they originated. At this point, the fry have become young adults are will soon be sexually mature and exhibit adult coloration.
What We Like About This Fish:
- Beautiful neon blue and red coloration in dominant males
- Peaceful disposition with fish and peaceful invertebrates
- Interesting social behavior when kept in colonies
- Safe with dwarf shrimp
- Will not bother plants
RECOMMENDED TANK PARAMETERS:
- Temperature: 71.6° - 82.4° F (22° - 28° C)
- pH: 6.5 - 7.5
- KH: 2 - 12 dKH
Minimum tank size: 10-15 gallons for a small group
Diet: Omnivorous. Typically accepts some dry foods and frozen foods, but requires ample algae and biofilm for longevity
- Social behavior: Peaceful with other species, but multiple males may have minor squabbles. Ample territory is recommended for multiple males
- Origin: Halmahera, Indonesia
- Average adult size: Up to 1.2 inches (3 cm)
- Average purchase size: 1 - 1.2 inches (2.5 - 3 cm)
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